Date/Time Formatting

Click here to access legacy documentation for this feature


m-Power will work with any database date/timestamp format. What this means is m-Power users are able to display their dates and timestamps in a way of their choosing without any worry of compatibility.


In order to fully take advantage of this feature, there are two places that must be configured properly in order to customize this functionality for dates and timestamps. The first location is the Runtime Properties screen and is required for m-Power to communicate with the database. The second is an xml file named “mpower-date-format.xml” and is where date formats can be added, removed, or customized as desired.

Runtime Properties

Open the Runtime Properties screen by navigating to the “Admin Menu”–> “Dictionary Configuration” –> “Runtime Application Settings”. Click the “Others” tab and then scroll to the bottom. There, you should see “Date Pattern” as well as “Timestamp Pattern”. These values are what m-Power uses to interact with the database, and need to be in the same format that your database uses.

Please see this document for a list of the values that can be used when building your formats. After modifying the Runtime Properties, be sure to save and restart Tomcat in order to utilize the new formats.

Date/Timestamp Formats

The next place where you can configure the date/time format is in the mpower-date-format.xml file, found in m-power\proddata\conf. This file is the master list of date formats that can be used within m-Power. mrc ships the 7 most common date formats in this file, as well as 1 timestamp format. These formats include:

  • ISO — (2011-01-20)
  • MDY — (01/20/11)
  • DMY — (20/01/11)
  • YMD — (11/01/20)
  • USA — (01/20/2011)
  • EUR — (20.01.2011)
  • JPN — (2011020)
  • Timestamp — (2011-01-20 03:45:33.000)

However, you are certainly not limited to these default date formats. You can edit existing date formats, remove formats, or even add brand new formats for displaying the date at runtime. To do so, open this file with a text editor. To add the date format of 20-JAN-2012 (dd-MMM-yyyy), for example, add the following code to the end of this file:

<dateFormat pdesc="N" value="dd-MMM-yyyy">
    <comment>New Date Format</comment>

So this file now looks like the screenshot below:

The “pdesc” is a unique identifier for this format and cannot be duplicated. The “comment” will not be seen, but is a way to identify each format when editing this file. When finished, be sure to save. This xml file is used globally, which means that every dictionary will use the formats found in this file. The “value” is the actual format for displaying and all possible values can be found in this document.

While you can have spaces within your date format, certain features of m-Power may not work as expected, such as “In the range” record selections when there is a space in the value. Instead, mrc recommends to use dashes (-) or underscores (_) when a space is desired.

Java does not support more than 3 decimal places for time values. If your data has more than 3 decimal places of precision, please leave the format blank in order to display the full values.


Once you have set up the Runtime Properties and modified the mpower-date-format.xml file as desired, the final step is the selection of the appropriate format for each desired date or timestamp field. To do so, navigate “Admin” –> “Manage Tables” and then click the “Managing Fields” icon next to the appropriate table. Finally, click the “Edit Field” icon next to any date or timestamp fields for which you would like to modify their display format. On this page, you can select the correct format from the drop down menu, as shown below.

Once done, click “OK”. Any existing retrievals, reports, or summaries that use this field will need to be recompiled to utilize the new format, though you do not need to overwrite anything. However, maintenance applications require the user to overwrite the HTML. Freshly compiled applications will use the new format by default. The date format is saved as a field attribute and as a result, every field with the same name will use this updated date format. At runtime, if a user inputs an incorrect format, m-Power will alert them that the format is incorrect and will also define what the correct format is, as shown below.


  • Your Runtime Properties screen has the appropriate attributes of Date Pattern and Timestamp Pattern, and these attributes have been filled in with the correct formats, as shown below.

Note: Please check with your database administrator for the format that your database utilizes.

  • The mpower-date-format.xml file exists within m-power\proddata\conf, and is not blank.
  • If all of the previous steps have been followed, but the new date formats are not appearing when trying to update a field in “Admin”–> “Manage Tables” –> Manage Fields –> Update Dictionary Field in the “Date Field Type” dropdown, please navigate to the m-power\tomcat folder and delete the work folder. Sign out of m-Power and after signing back in to the interface, the new formats should show up in the Date Field Type dropdown, as referenced in the screenshot below.
  • If you are continuing to have problems after following these steps, please call mrc support at 630.916.0662.

Additional Notes

  • The Date and Timestamp Pattern can be set by default at the dictionary level or can be set at the application level in the Field Settings screen.
  • You are free to use any format you would like in the mpower-date-format.xml file, however bear in mind that certain features of m-Power may behave unexpectedly if you are using a format that includes spaces. If running into problems at runtime, and your current date format includes spaces, try substituting the spaces for dashes (-) or underscores (_). Alternatively, as in the case of trying to use the date in an “In the range” record selection, creating a dropdown over this field in m-Painter will also work.
  • Timestamp formats can have up to 3 decimal places of precision. If more are needed, it is required that the Timestamp Pattern is left blank in order to view/filter on the full value.
  • In maintainers, when changing the displayed date format, it is required to overwrite the HTML in order for the maintainer to utilize the new format. For other application types, simply recompiling without overwriting is sufficient for the new date format to be displayed.
  • When changing the Timestamp Pattern or the Date Pattern within Runtime Properties, it is necessary to restart Tomcat in order to use the newly changed formats.
Updated on September 29, 2021

Was this article helpful?

Related Articles

Need Support?
Can’t find the answer you’re looking for? Don’t worry we’re here to help!
Contact Support